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清掏化粪池在我们的生活中起到了非常重要的作用!

来源:http://www.sggdst.com  发布时间:2021-02-20 13:27:31

化粪池清掏处理一直是人类生活中不可避免的问题,长期以来人们都是通过人工清掏的方式,进行化粪池清掏处理工作。 如果不是的介绍,相信大家不会刻意去了解这些事情,但是其中一个清掏化粪池在我们的生活中起到了非常重要的作用,下面我们化粪池清掏说一下作用以及工作原理。
Septic tank cleaning has always been an inevitable problem in human life. For a long time, people have been cleaning septic tanks manually. If it is not a professional introduction, I believe you will not deliberately understand these things, but one of the cleaning septic tanks has played a very important role in our life. Let's talk about the role and working principle of cleaning septic tanks.
作用:
effect:
(1)保障生活社区的环境卫生,避免生活污水及污染物在居住环境的扩散。
(1) To ensure the environmental sanitation of the living community and avoid the spread of domestic sewage and pollutants in the living environment.
(2)在化粪池厌氧腐化的工作环境中,杀灭蚊蝇虫卵。
(2) In the working environment of anaerobic septic tank, the eggs of mosquitoes and flies were killed.
(3)临时性储存污泥,有机污泥进行厌氧腐化,熟化的有机污泥可作为农用肥料。
(3) Temporary storage of sludge, anaerobic decomposition of organic sludge, mature organic sludge can be used as agricultural fertilizer.
(4)生活污水的预处理(一 级处理),沉淀杂质,并使大分子有机物水解,成为酸、醇等小分子有机物,改善后续的污水处理。
(4) The pretreatment of domestic sewage (primary treatment) can precipitate impurities and hydrolyze macromolecular organics into acids, alcohols and other small molecular organics to improve the subsequent sewage treatment.
工作原理:
working principle:
(1)污水首先由进水口排到一格,在一格里比重较大的固体物及寄生虫卵等物沉淀下来,开始初步的发酵分解,经一格处理过的污水可分为三层:糊状粪皮、比较澄清的粪液、和固体状的粪渣。
(1) The sewage is first discharged from the water inlet to a grid, in which the solids and parasite eggs with a large proportion are precipitated, and the initial fermentation decomposition begins. The sewage treated by a grid can be divided into three layers: paste fecal skin, relatively clear fecal liquid, and solid fecal residue.
(2)经过初步分解的粪液流入二格,而漂浮在上面的粪皮和沉积在下面的粪渣则留在一格继续发酵。
(2) After initial decomposition, the fecal liquid flows into the second compartment, while the fecal skin floating on the top and the fecal residue deposited on the bottom remain in the first compartment for further fermentation.
                            济南化粪池清理
(3)在二格中,粪液继续发酵分解,虫卵继续下沉,病原体逐渐死亡,粪液得到进一步无害化,产生的粪皮和粪渣厚度比一格显着减少。
(3) In the second grid, the fecal liquid continued to ferment and decompose, the eggs continued to sink, the pathogens died gradually, the fecal liquid was further harmless, and the thickness of fecal skin and fecal residue was significantly reduced compared with the first grid.
(4)流入第三格的粪液一般已经腐熟,其中病菌和寄生虫卵已基本杀灭。三格功能主要起暂时储存已基本无害的粪液作用。
(4) The fecal fluid flowing into the third compartment is generally rotten, in which the pathogen and parasite eggs have been basically killed. The function of "three grid" is to store the fecal liquid which has been basically harmless temporarily.
我们管道清淤要做到以下几点安全措施:
The following safety measures should be taken for pipeline desilting:
1、下沟工作必须楼梯上下,下沟操作人员必须戴口罩、戴手套、穿水裤,配备氧气袋。
1. The operators must wear masks, gloves, water pants and oxygen bags.
2、除机械操作外其他下箱涵作业人员工作1小时后,必须上地面休息15分钟以上再下箱涵内施工作业。
2. In addition to mechanical operation, other workers working in the box culvert must rest on the ground for more than 15 minutes after working for 1 hour before working in the box culvert.
3、安排专人负责安全监督和警戒,避免发生一切安全生产事故。监督人与水库必须与水库管理人员密切联系,清淤期间不得开闸放水。配备对讲机一套,方便箱内施工人员和监督警戒进行即时沟通。
3. Arrange special person to be responsible for safety supervision and alert to avoid all production safety accidents. The supervisor and the reservoir must be in close contact with the reservoir management personnel, and the sluice shall not be opened to discharge water during the dredging period. It is equipped with a set of walkie talkie to facilitate the immediate communication between the construction personnel and the supervisor.
4、为了确保作业人员安全,辟免意外发生,配备20个氧气袋。
4. In order to ensure the safety of operators and avoid accidents, 20 oxygen bags are equipped.
5、箱涵淤泥是多年沉积的,经过工具的搅动可能会产生大量的有毒有害气体,配备一套送风设备把新鲜的空气送至工作地点。为防止风管被杂物挤压破坏影响使用功能,需要用大于风管直径的PVC管把风管套住,在套管接头部位用钢筋焊成架子把套管架空。
5. The silt of box culvert is deposited for many years, which may produce a lot of poisonous and harmful gases after being stirred by tools. A set of air supply equipment is equipped to send fresh air to the working place. In order to prevent the air duct from being crushed and damaged by sundries, it is necessary to cover the air duct with PVC pipe larger than the diameter of the air duct, and weld the steel bar into a shelf at the joint of the casing to overhead the casing.